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Senegal: Lack Of Cold Storage Limits COVID Vaccine Options

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A lack of cold storage is limiting COVID vaccine options for Senegal. Moderna and Pfizer vaccines require storage at minus 20 degrees celsius (-4 f), and BioNTech vaccine requires being kept at -70 degrees celsius.  So, authorities say those are not their first choice. Senegal could store the Moderna vaccine for 30 days and the Pfizer for seven days before they spoil.

The head of the country’s vaccination programme, Ousseynou Badiane, said on Monday Senegal would prefer to receive vials that can be kept for longer under ordinary refrigeration because of the nation’s inability to store COVID-19 vaccines at ultra-low temperatures. Senegal is looking at vaccine options developed by China or Russia.

The situation in Senegal highlights the problems some countries with hot climates face in storing and distributing vaccines, often in rural areas with unreliable power supplies.

A lack of cold storage means Senegal would only be able to keep vaccines developed by Astrazeneca and Oxford University. Ousseynou Badiane said Senegalese government will opt for vaccines developed by chiNa or Russia in the long term, as they do not require a deep freeze.

The Moderna and Pfizer vaccines “are not our first choice. Our first choice is the vaccine that fits easily into the system that exists, that doesn’t require major investment,” Badiane told Reuters.

“if the vaccines are not used (in the right time frame) that would be an enormous waste.” Badiane said …“if the option now is to take the (Pfizer or Moderna) vaccines we… Would have to redo all our logistics.

Millions have already received inoculations in western countries and china, while Senegal is awaiting vaccines through the world health organization-backed global COVAX scheme. This programme is helping to finance deliveries to 92 developing nations with limited or no means to buy vaccines on their own.

Senegal is no stranger to vaccination campaigns.

In four walk-in cold rooms in the capital Dakar, authorities keep thousands of vials of yellow fever and hepatitis b vaccines at between 2 and 8 degrees celsius. It has one room that keeps oral polio vaccines up to minus 25 degrees celsius.

At the Fann hospital in Dakar, technicians are installing seven new such rooms. But for now the lack of deep refrigeration limits the country’s options.

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Sierra Leone To ‘Impose Covid Curfew And Travel Ban’

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Sierra Leone government has announced a re-introduction of lockdown on the capital city-Freetown.  Authorities also announced a night-time curfew throughout the country to counter what they call the “exponential” increase of coronavirus cases in the country.

Freetown has recorded more than half of the cases of infections in Sierra Leone.

The new measures, initially set for two weeks, and others made public on Thursday, will begin from Monday.

The government center for response to covid-19 also said in a statement, authorities have decided to restrict entry and exit from the western area, the territory corresponding to Freetown and its surroundings.

Restaurants and bars will have to remain closed on weekends and the wearing of masks remains mandatory in public places.

Sierra Leone has reported 3,081 cases of covid-19 and 77 deaths since march last year.

Travel outside Freetown considered essential is subject to a negative Covid test within 72 hours. An electronic pass will be introduced “to regulate essential movements,” the center said. It will also be accessible through a mobile application.

A curfew will be re-established throughout the country from 22H00 to 5H00 (local and GMT).

“Since December 2020, we observe an exponential increase in confirmed cases of Covid-19, largely due to the holiday season”, explains the government center.

Four out of five (80%) cases of infection were detected during routine testing or in travelers leaving the country. This is “a strong indication of active community transmission,” where the precise source of infection is undetermined, a sign of virus circulation and a complicating factor in the response” the government center said.

The former British colony of 7.5 million people had been hard hit by the Ebola epidemic in West Africa, which killed nearly 4,000 people in the country between 2014 and 2016. It is still struggling to recover from a civil war that killed some 120,000 people nearly 20 years after the end of the conflict.

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Central African Republic Declares Emergency As Rebels Surround Bangui

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Central African Republic (CAR) has declared a state of emergency for at least fifteen days to combat rebels who have tried to lay siege on the nation`s capital Bangui.

C.A.R. declared the emergency on Thursday to help it crack down on armed groups, after the united nations’ envoy to the country asked the un security council for the deployment of many more peacekeepers or troops in response to a recent surge in attacks.

Authorities say this move will help the government to detain suspects without the authorization of prosecutors.

Rebel factions now control most of the country and are calling for the resignation of president Faustin-Archange Touadéra, the winner of December’s election.

Last week the rebels launched attacks on the capital’s suburbs, but withdrew after an intervention by the un peacekeeping force. The fighting has forced nearly 60,000 persons to flee the country.

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UK Bans Travel From Tanzania And DR Congo Over COVID

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The United Kingdom has banned passengers from two more African countries, Tanzania and Democratic Republic of the Congo from today –Friday, in a move to stop the spread of coronavirus pandemic and the new variant.

Transport secretary Grant Shapps said in a tweet on Thursday, all passengers from these countries except British and Irish nationals and third country nationals with residents rights will be denied entry

Shapps said U.K is continuing to monitor COVID-19 rates and new strains of the virus across the globe.  He said this, alongside the suspension of travel corridors and pre-departure testing, will help protect its borders.

Earlier this month passengers from 11 other southern African countries were banned from entering the UK for similar reasons.

The Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) said on Thursday, the continent’s COVID-19 death rate is now higher than the global average. Africa stands at two and a half percent against global average of 2.2%. It listed Democratic Republic of the Congo among 21 African nations with a death rate above 3%.

The authorities in Tanzania have downplayed the extent of the epidemic in the country and have not been releasing any data on infections or deaths.

In June last year, the Tanzanian president John Magufuli declared that the country was “coronavirus-free” thanks to prayers by citizens.

However, the World health Organization (WHO) expressed concern over the country’s strategy on COVID-19.

The authorities from Tanzania or the DR Congo have not yet commented on the development.

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