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Violence Displaces Thousands In Mozambique

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Local monitors in Mozambique say the number of displaced persons in the country has risen exponentially over the past two years, the majority uprooted by an insurgency in the north.

By mid-October, there were more than four hundred thousand internally displaced persons in the southern African country, compared with 15,000 at the end of 2018.

An advocacy group, the center for public integrity, said in a report, the number of internally displaced in Mozambique has grown by about 2,700 percent in two years.

Massive attacks against districts in Cabo Delgado province have contributed to the rapid increase in the number of displaced persons in Mozambique in the last two years.

Gas-rich northern Mozambique is under siege by the al-Shabab extremist group which launched its first attack in October 2017.  The group has stepped up its offensive in recent months, seizing swathes of territory and torching villages.

It is reported to have staged more than 600 attacks across 10 of the 17 districts in Cabo Delgado province. More than 2,000 deaths have been documented, eleven hundred of whom were civilians.

The United Nations recently estimated that at least 310,000 persons, or 13 percent of the provincial population, have fled their homes.

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DR Congo In ‘World’s Largest Food Crisis’

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The United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has warned that nearly 22 million persons in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are facing acute food insecurity, a dramatic rise from last year.

An FAO report says conflict and the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, which have impacted food prices and livelihoods, have worsened the problem. The report says, the country is now experiencing the world’s largest food crisis as these factors are exacerbating humanitarian needs in the DRC.

The UN also cites as contributing factors “an economic decline linked to currency depreciation and drop in GDP growth and natural hazards,” such as flooding.

The UN agency says in a report the number of people facing acute food insecurity at crisis or worse levels has dramatically increased – from fifteen and a half million in 2019 to nearly twenty-two million.

The FAO warns that with the acute hunger, any further disruption of food supply chains will only worsen human suffering and hamper efforts to address the problem.

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UK Deploys 300 Troops To Mali

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The UK’s defence ministry says the first batch of 300 British troops have arrived in Mali to bolster the united peacekeeping mission there.  The rest will follow within a week.

The force will join 14,000 peacekeepers from 50 nations to protect Mali’s population from growing Islamist violence.

The mission to Africa’s Sahel region has been described as the world’s most dangerous peacekeeping deployment.  More than 5,000 French troops have underpinned the operation, but president Emmanuel macron is under pressure to reduce his forces.

Meanwhile, Mali’s interim government announced, on Thursday, the composition of a new legislative body for the country’s transition to civilian rule, with the military retaining a key role.

Young army officers in Mali toppled president Ibrahim Boubacar Keita in august after weeks of anti-government protests.

Military junta handed power to an interim government, between September and October under the threat of international sanctions.  The interim government is meant to rule for 18 months before elections.

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South Africa Fears COVID-19 Resurgence

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South Africa is facing a possible resurgence of COVID-19 as localized outbreaks drive infection rates.

The country is Africa’s most affected nation, and authorities have been struggling to control the number of outbreaks since an increase was reported last month in the eastern and western southern cape provinces. Daily new cases have surpassed 3,000, a 50% jump from an average of 2,000 earlier last month. The emergence of new outbreaks in several parts in South Africa has raised concerns that the virus could be encouraged by the expected gatherings during the festive season.

So far, 796,000 cases have been reported including 21,709 deaths. Transmission rate had dropped sharply after its peak in July, with fewer than three cases detected daily per 100,000 persons between late august and early November. But the lull was short-lived, and authorities are now trying to combat a possible resurgence of the coronavirus epidemic. President Cyril Ramaphosa has ruled out a new lockdown at this stage.

Hospitals are reported overwhelmed. The health services requested assistance in three public facilities from the NGO, doctors without borders.

Meanwhile, South Africa has missed its first payment to join the World Health Organization’s initiative to help poorer countries get hold of coronavirus vaccines.

Finance minister Tito Mboweni had set aside $33m for vaccines, but it appears the treasury has not yet released the funds.

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