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Libya In Chaos Since 2011 Overthrow Of Gaddafi

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Libya In Chaos Since 2011 Overthrow Of Gaddafi

Libya has been mired in chaos since the ouster and killing of dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, with two rival authorities and a multitude of militias still vying for control of the oil-rich country.

The capital Tripoli is the seat of an internationally-backed government led by Fayez al-Sarraj, while a parallel administration operates out of the east supported by military strongman Khalifa Haftar.

Ahead of peace talks due to start Monday in Sicily, here is a timeline of the Mediterranean country’s descent into anarchy:

Gaddafi killed

Triggered by uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt, demonstrations erupt in Libya in February 2011. A coalition led by Washington, Paris and London lends its backing to an armed revolt.

Kadhafi, who has ruled for 42 years, flees the capital. He is captured and killed on October 20, 2011 during a battle for his hometown Sirte, east of Tripoli.

Three days later, the rebel National Transitional Council (NTC) declares Libya’s “total liberation”.

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In August 2012, it hands power to a transitional authority, the General National Congress (GNC), elected a month earlier.

Embassies targeted

US ambassador Chris Stevens and three American staff are killed in a September 11, 2012 attack on their consulate in Libya’s second city Benghazi.

An Al-Qaeda-linked jihadist group is blamed.

A car bomb in April 2013 targets France’s embassy in Tripoli, wounding two French guards.

Most foreign delegations withdraw from the country.

Rival governments

Dissident army general Haftar launches an offensive in May 2014 against jihadist groups in Benghazi. He is backed by Egypt and the United Arab Emirates.

Several military officers from the east join his self-styled Libyan National Army.

As nationalists and Islamists vie for power, legislative elections are held in June and the General National Congress is replaced by a parliament dominated by anti-Islamists.

Islamist-led militias contest the results and group under the banner of “Fajr Libya” (Libya Dawn) and storm Tripoli in August, installing their own “national salvation” government and restoring the GNC.

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The elected house, which has international recognition, takes refuge in the eastern city of Tobruk near the border with Egypt.

Thus the country finds itself with two governments and two parliaments.

After months of negotiations and under international pressure, lawmakers from the rival parliaments sign a December 2015 accord in Morocco to set up a UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA).

In March 2016, GNA prime minister Sarraj arrives in Tripoli to set up the new government. Haftar’s rival administration, however, refuses to recognise its authority.

Peace talks in Paris

In July 2017, rival leaders Sarraj and Haftar meet for talks near Paris where they agree to a ceasefire and commit to elections the following year.

They meet again in Paris in May 2018, weeks after Islamic State group suicide attackers kill 14 people at Libya’s electoral commission, and commit to holding parliamentary and presidential polls in December.

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But the unrest continues. In June 2018, a militia attacks two northeastern oil sites under Haftar’s control through which oil is exported.

After days of fighting, Haftar’s forces announce they are back in “full control” and have also seized the city of Derna from radical Islamists.

Month of deadly clashes

The UN brokers a ceasefire in early September but fighting resumes within days, with the capital’s airport attacked with rocket fire and rival militias clashing nearby.

In nearly a month, the clashes around Tripoli leave more than 110 dead and some 400 injured.

The GNA calls for UN “security and stability” support as the world body’s envoy, Ghassan Salame, says in late September that the latest fighting has made it difficult to hold elections before spring 2019.

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At Least 20 Killed As Minibus Collides With Truck In Mali

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At Least 20 Killed As Minibus Collides With Truck In Mali

At least 20 persons have been killed and 11 seriously injured after a minibus and a truck collided in the south of Mali on Tuesday.

The country’s transport ministry said the accident occurred on a major road linking the capital Bamako with the town of Narena on the border with Guinea.

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In the statement released by the ministry stated the “probable cause” of the accident was excessive speed of the truck, coupled with a technical problem.

All the injured were taken to Bamako. Travelling by road is still the principal means of transport for people and goods in the landlocked West African country.

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South Africa To Reopen Places Of Worship Amid Virus

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US GiveSouth Africa To Reopen Places Of Worship Amid Viruss 'Up To 1,000' Ventilators To South Africa For Virus

South Africa’s president Cyril Ramaphosa has announced that churches and other recognized places of worship will start operating from June, when the country eases lockdown restrictions further.

Ramaphosa said, on Tuesday, the faith community is an integral part of the South African life and has made a great contribution in the fight against the coronavirus.

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He said number of worshippers will be limited to 50 persons or fewer.

Meanwhile, South African Airways says it aims to resume domestic flights between Johannesburg and Cape Town from mid-June. S.A.A. suspended all commercial passenger flights in late march, when the government imposed one of the strictest lockdowns on the African continent to fight coronavirus.

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South Africa has reported more than 24,000 coronavirus cases, 524 deaths and nearly 13,000 recoveries.

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Zimbabwe’s Coronavirus Cases Double In A Day To 132

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Zimbabwe's Coronavirus Cases Double In A Day To 132

The government of Zimababwe says the number of coronavirus cases in the country has now more than doubled to 132 cases over the past 24 hours.

Government spokesman, Nick Mangwana said on Wednesday most of the new cases were Zimbabweans who had returned from abroad, mainly from South Africa and Botswana, with only one local transmission.

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Data show, more than 4,000 Zimbabweans have returned to the country in the past month. The government has said, returnees are being placed under mandatory quarantine for 21 days.

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Zimbabwe is under a coronavirus lockdown. At least four persons have died of the virus.  Citizens also fear a surge in covid-19 cases could overwhelm the health service that was already struggling with shortages of medicines before the coronavirus outbreak.

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