Chinese President Xi Jinping pledged debt relief to some poorer African nations, attempting to push back against a major criticism of his signature Belt and Road Initiative.
Speaking to the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation on Monday in Beijing, Xi defended the global program to develop roads, railways, ports, pipelines and other trade links. China planned to exempt some African countries from interest-free loans due by the end of the year, Xi said, adding that the relief would be granted to unspecified poor and heavily indebted countries.
He also announced an additional $60bn of loans and other financing to follow on a similar amount promised three years ago. The package includes $20bn of credit lines; $15bn of grants, interest-free loans and concessional loans; $10bn for a special fund; and $5bn to support imports from Africa.
“We will fully honor the promises we have made to our African brothers,” Xi told the gathering. Among those present were South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, Djibouti President Ismail Omar Guelleh and Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi.
In recent months, Beijing has faced criticism about its debt practices from countries ranging from Australia to India, with even some Chinese academics airing doubts at home. Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad warned against “a new version of colonialism” during a visit to Beijing last month after suspending a $20bn Chinese-built rail project.
Shi Yinhong, a professor of international relations at Renmin University of China, said Xi emphasised both inclusiveness and a desire to ensure projects are viable.
“The reason behind these changes is that China’s economy is facing new difficulties, China’s accumulating lessons in Africa and absorbing some external criticism,” Shi said.
Loans and local labour
While Beijing-backed investment has provided African governments much-needed infrastructure without the West’s political and fiscal demands, it has also generated complaints about China’s preference for loans and reluctance to use local labor. Such concerns have grown as Xi extended his Belt and Road plan across much of the globe and tied it to his ambition of completing his country’s return to great power status.
The White House has called such infrastructure initiatives a challenge to its influence, and is discussing greater infrastructure investment in the Asia-Pacific region with Australia and Japan, although sources of funding remain uncertain.
Africa is a vital front in Xi’s fight against such skepticism, receiving $12bn of Chinese lending in 2015, compared with just over $100m in 2000, according to data from the China-Africa Research Initiative. Ongoing Chinese-backed investments range from Ivory Coast power plants to a Rwandan airport to a railway in Kenya.
Africa includes some of China’s largest suppliers of oil and other commodities, and the tiny nation of Djibouti hosts its first overseas military base. Total trade between China and the continent’s nations rose 14% last year to $170bn, according to Chinese data.
In his speech, Xi promised to continue what he called a “five-no” approach for African nations, including not altering developmental paths, not interfering in their affairs, not imposing China’s will, not attaching “strings” to financial assistance, and not seeking political gain.
At a business event ahead of the summit, Xi said China had “full respect for Africa’s own will” and wasn’t interested in forming an “exclusive club”.
“China’s cooperation with Africa is clearly targeted at the major bottlenecks to development,” he added. “Resources for our cooperation are not to be spent on any vanity projects, but in places where they count the most.
Ten Killed In Deadly Somalia Prison Break Attempt
Somalia prison officials say 10 persons have been killed following a failed prison break that led to a shoot-out inside the capital -Mogadishu’s main prison.
State radio reported, another six were injured when Somali security forces beat back an uprising in the prison on Monday.
A senior police officer said mutinous prisoners snatched guns from guards who were on duty on Monday evening, and killed three of them.
There are reports that one of the prisoners managed to get a pistol off a prison warden, then a group of inmates broke into the armoury. The guards and other security forces regrouped and killed the inmates.
A specially trained police unit was deployed to deal with the violence at the prison which holds some of the most notorious al-Shabab prisoners on either life or death sentences.
At Least 10 Dead In Ethiopia Protests Over Autonomy
Ethiopia’s health officials say at least 10 persons have died during clashes between protesters and security forces in the country’s southern region on Monday.
The protests were sparked by Sunday’s arrest of local officials and activists seeking a new autonomous region for their Wolaita ethnic group.
Spokesman for the opposition party Wolaita national movement party- Matheos Balcha says one of their party members was arrested.
Security forces shot dead protesters in Boditi on Monday, a town 295 km southwest of the capital Addis Ababa. A 14-year-old boy was reported to be among the dead. Opposition spokesperson says 34 persons were injured.
Prime minister Abiy Ahmed, who came to power in 2018, and introduced democratic reforms, has struggled to appeal to ethnic nationalism.
France Helps Hunt For Killers Of Aid Workers In Niger
Soldiers from France and Niger are collaborating to find killers of six aid workers, their local guide and driver at a giraffe reserve.
The troops began operations on Monday in the reserve and surrounding areas for signs of the gunmen who killed the French international aid workers along with their local guide and driver.
Attackers on motorbikes ambushed the group on Sunday while driving through the reserve, a popular destination for expatriates, 65 km from Niger’s capital Niamey, in an area considered safe by the government.
A French military source said, “military operations are ongoing including the use of air support to find the gunmen.
France and other countries have warned people against travelling to parts of Niger where militants, including Boko Haram and an affiliate of Islamic State, operate in rural areas.
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